Recent Posts

Vesuvius and Pompeii

Mount Vesuvius in southern Italy is today regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world.  With over three million people living close to the volcano, including in the densely populated city of Naples, any future eruption has the potential to be truly catastrophic.  Although the AD79 eruption that destroyed Pompeii (pictured) is […]

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World Building – Perlin Noise

A long term project I am slowly working on requires the generation of a realistic continental world map – something like the maps you find in Civilization.  I’ve spent a few weeks working on methods to generate these maps, and decided to summarise what I’ve learned about realistic world generations.  These are for flat 2D […]

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The Exploration of Venus

Although Mars gets the most attention as a potential destination for human exploration, it is actually not the closest planet (most of the time anyway) to Earth.  That honour goes to Venus, a planet that is so similar in size and mass to the Earth that is sometimes called Earth’s “sister planet”. So why isn’t […]

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Art Nouveau in Alesund

  At the turn of the 20th century most Norwegian towns were built of wood.  This often led to fires, some of which still break out today.  One of the most devastating fires in Norway took place in Alesund in 1904.  On a stormy January night fire broke out in a factory, before spreading across […]

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Gwangan Bridge, Busan

  Busan is, after Seoul, the second largest city of South Korea.  Busan has long been one of Korea’s most important trading port, and today is home to three large container ports.  Together these ports make Busan the fifth busiest seaport in the world.  Gwangan Bridge, seen in this photo, was completed in 2002 and […]

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Alesund Mountains

Fifteen thousand years ago, during the last ice age, the Arctic ice covered all of Scandinavia, Denmark, and most of Britain and Ireland.  Although the ice sheets have now retreated into the far north, the mark they left behind on the landscape can still be seen in the dramatic and beautiful landscapes of Norway.  The […]

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The Kardashev Scale

Nikolai Kardashev, born in Moscow in 1932, is a leading Russian astrophysicist.  He is perhaps most well known for his system of ranking interstellar civilizations by their technological ability, but he has also long been involved in Russian efforts in the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI).  While American attempts at SETI have largely focused on […]

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Mount Teide across La Oratava Valley, Spain

Lying 190 miles west of the African coast, and 800 miles south-west of mainland Spain, Tenerife is the largest of the Canary Islands and home to El Teide, one of the largest volcanoes in the world. When warm, wet air from the Atlantic Ocean meets the northern slopes of Mount Teide clouds form, giving rise […]

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